RISP Data Bytes: Most People in Large IDD Facilities Now Live in Settings Operated by Nonstate Providers

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Description

In 1967, almost 200,000 people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) lived in large state institutions. Initially, those leaving state facilities moved to non-state ones. Starting in 1981, the Medicaid Home and Community-Based Waiver helps them live with family or in small community homes. This Data Byte shows the decrease of individuals living in large state and non-state institutions between 1998 and 2019. Currently about 90,000 individuals live in large non-state institutions. States should reduce this number because research shows people in smaller homes are happier and have more control over their living situation.

Details

Date
2023 
Type
Brief 
Publisher
Residential Information Systems Project (RISP)

Topics

  • Housing and residential services
    • Institutions and deinstitutionalization
  • Specific disability
    • Intellectual/developmental disability (IDD)