Policy Research Brief: Developments in Living Arrangements and Choice for Persons with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities


A brief examining how living arrangements and choice have changed for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) over the past 10 years. Choice is an important component of self-determination, which is a person's ability to decide about the parts of life that person wants to control. While there has been a big shift in where people with IDD live over the last 40 years, from large institutional settings to smaller and more individualized settings, their opportunities to make choices are still limited in some ways. This brief explores the changes in living arrangements and opportunities to make choices over time as well as the relationship between the two. Further, the brief explores the differences and similarities in choice making for people with IDD in two settings: living with family versus living in small group homes -- a distinction that has not been widely studied.


Volume 27, Number 1
Research and Training Center on Community Living (RTC-CL)


  • Community life
    • Self-advocacy and self-determination
    • Consumer/self-directed services
  • Specific life stage
    • Adults
  • Housing and residential services
    • Community group residential
    • Consumer/self-directed services
    • Family supports/in-home services
    • Institutions and deinstitutionalization
  • Specific disability
    • Intellectual/developmental disability (IDD)