School and Classroom Disabilities Inclusion Guide for Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Jennae Bulat, Anne Hayes, Wykia Macon, Renata Ticha, Brian H Abery


This guide emphasizes that inclusive education – which fully engages all children in quality education, including children with various types of disabilities or other learning challenges – is particularly effective in helping all children learn, including those with disabilities. But implementation requires resources. Not all children can benefit from inclusive education in schools, districts, regions, and countries where resources are severely limited. The guide provides strategies and recommendations for developing inclusive classrooms and schools. It specifically addresses the needs of sub-Saharan African countries, which lack the resources for implementing inclusive education. However, the strategies and recommendations in the guide can be equally useful in other contexts where inclusive education practices have not yet been adopted.

Suggested Citation

Bulat, J., Hayes, A., Macon, W., Ticha, R., & Abery, B. (2017). School and classroom disabilities inclusion guide for low- and middle-income countries. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI Press.


January 2017 
RTI Press


  • International initiatives
    • Inclusive education