PARA Accessible Reading Assessment Reports: What Do State Reading Test Specifications Specify?


A report examining state assessment blueprints or test specifications for state reading assessments. The No Child Left Behind Act requires all states to assess student reading, but each state is responsible for selecting what will be tested and how in its large-scale statewide assessments. As part of this process, states develop standards with which both instruction and assessments are expected to align. State standards for reading vary by definition and focus from state to state. The authors of this paper looked at:

  1. Themes related to the purposes and constructs of assessments
  2. How those themes related to state standards
  3. The number of items assigned to particular constructs
  4. The types of items typically found in statewide assessments


June 2007 
Partnership for Accessible Reading Assessment (PARA)
National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO)


  • Specific life stage
    • Children
    • Adolescents and young adults
  • Educational accountability and assessment
    • Accessibility & Accommodations