Contextual Factors Associated with Implementing Active Support in Community Group Homes in the United States: A Qualitative Investigation

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Description

Although numerous studies in the U.K. and Australia have shown that Active Support (AS) is an effective intervention in increasing staff assistance and engagement for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) who live in small community residential settings, studies in Taiwan and the U.S. did not replicate these results. The mixed findings may be due to the unique challenges faced by small community group homes serving people with disabilities from different countries. The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the views of participants in a AS implementation study about contextual factors that affected their efforts at implementing AS in a U.S. context. Interviews were conducted with Direct Support Professionals (DSPs) and AS trainers. A focus group was conducted with directors from organizations that implemented AS in the U.S. This study revealed several reported challenges to AS implementation, including the lack of leadership support, lack of buy-in, and high staff turnover rate. Despite these difficulties, study participants identified positive impacts of AS on both DSPs and people with disabilities. Implications of these findings are discussed.

Suggested Citation

Qian, X., Tichá, R., & Stancliffe, R. (2017). Contextual Factors Associated with Implementing Active Support in Community Group Homes in the United States: A Qualitative Investigation. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 14(4), 332–340. https://doi.org/10.1111/jppi.12204

Details

Date
2017 
Type
Peer-Reviewed Article 
Edition
Volume 14, Number 4
Publisher
International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Topics

  • Community life
    • Person-centered planning and practices
  • Housing and residential services
    • Community group residential
  • Specific disability
    • Intellectual/developmental disability (IDD)