Policy Research Brief: Implementation of Consumer-Directed Services for Persons With Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities - A National Study

Part of the Policy Research Brief series.
Bonnie Shoultz, Sheryl A Larson, Perri Harris, Steven Taylor, Charles R Moseley, Charlie Lakin
Pamela M Walker, Amy S Hewitt, Matthew D Bogenschutz, Jennifer A Hall-Lande
Managing Editor(s)
Sheryl A Larson


A brief summarizing the results of a national study on the status of consumer-directed services for persons with intellectual or developmental disabilities. The study was conducted at the University of Minnesota's Research and Training Center on Community Living and Syracuse University's Center on Human Policy, and its purpose was to investigate how consumer control is being implemented across states. Additional themes included the exploration of strategies, challenges, and best practices of consumer-directed services and supports. Information was gathered through interviews with administrators of developmental disabilities services in 42 states. The content is based on the comprehensive study entitled: "Implementation of Consumer-Directed Services: A National Study."


January 2009 
Volume 20, Number 1
Research and Training Center on Community Living (RTC-CL)


  • Specific life stage
    • Children
    • Adolescents and young adults
    • Adults
  • Housing and residential services
    • Consumer/self-directed services
  • Specific disability
    • Intellectual/developmental disability (IDD)