NCEO Synthesis Reports: Assessing Educational Outcomes: State Activity and Literature Integration (#1)

Part of the NCEO Synthesis Reports series.
Robert H Bruininks, Stanley L Deno, Kevin McGrew, James Shriner, Martha L Thurlow, James E Ysseldyke, Michal Chvat, Mary Shaefer


In October 1990 the National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) for Students with Disabilities was established at the University of Minnesota. Its mission is to provide national leadership in the development of educational outcomes and a system of indicators for students with disabilities. For NCEO it is necessary to give attention not only to the most recent research related to outcomes indicators in general but also to research that has been conducted in special education. The purpose of this document is to provide a synthesis of information that is available in the current literature. Topics of relevance to this literature review include (1) Educational reform and its current status in the United States, (2) Definitions of key terms, (3) Current models of educational indicators in both general education and special education, (4) Current states of outcomes indicators activities in both general education and special education, and (5) Critical issues in the development of a comprehensive system of educational indicators. This document will be revised annually in order to incorporate new literature and current events that pertain to the educational outcomes of students with disabilities.

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July 1991 
Number 1
National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO)


  • Educational accountability and assessment
    • Assessment Participation
    • Standards and Accountability
    • Students with Disabilities