Factors associated with meeting physical activity guidelines by adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities

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Author(s)
Roger Stancliffe, Lynda L Lahti Anderson

Factors associated with meeting physical activity guidelines by adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities

Description

Background: Many individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have sedentary lifestyles. Aims: (a) compare adults with IDD with the general adult population on adherence to U.S. physical activity (PA) guidelines, and (b) determine what factors predict adherence to PA guidelines by adults with IDD. Methods: We compared adults with IDD from the 2011–2012 National Core Indicators Adult Consumer Survey (NCI-ACS) with the general U.S. population on meeting PA guidelines. We examined the association of demographic, diagnostic, mobility, health and community participation variables with meeting PA guidelines by adults with IDD. Results: The rate for adults with IDD meeting PA guidelines (13.5%) was less than half that of the general population (30.8%). Among adults with IDD, at-risk groups included those with more severe disability, Down syndrome, mobility impairments, obesity, poor health, mental illness, no independent access to community exercise, and less frequent participation in community exercise. Going out for exercise was the only form of community participation associated with meeting PA guidelines. People who accessed the community for exercise independently (i.e., alone) were more likely to meet PA guidelines. Conclusions: Interventions aimed at increasing PA for people with IDD should consider these factors in their design.

Suggested Citation

Stancliffe, R. J., & Anderson, L. L. (2017). Factors associated with meeting physical activity guidelines by adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 62, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2017.01.009

Details

Date
12/20/2019 
Type
Peer-reviewed article 
Edition
Volume 62
Contact
Lynda L Lahti Anderson lla@umn.edu or +1 612-626-7220
Publisher
Institute on Community Integration

Topics

  • Health and safety
    • Health and wellness