Including Students who are Blind or Visually Impaired in English Language Proficiency Assessments: A Review of State Policies

Laurene L Christensen, Deb Albus, Aleksis P Kincaid, Elizabeth M Christian, Kristin K Liu PhD, Martha L Thurlow


A report updating information on state participation and accommodations policies for English language learners (ELLs) who are Blind/Visually Impaired (VI) on English language proficiency (ELP) assessments used for Title III accountability. Accommodations policies are discussed with reference to seven accommodations in three categories that are commonly used by ELLs who are Blind/VI. Included are five accommodations from the Presentation category (Braille, Large Print, Read Aloud Directions, Read Aloud Questions, Screen Reader/Text to Speech), one accommodation from the Response category (Brailler), and one accommodation from the Equipment category (Magnification Equipment).

Some content is out-of-date


August 2014 
Improving the Validity of Assessment Results for English Language Learners with Disabilities (IVARED)


  • Educational accountability and assessment
    • Accessibility & Accommodations
      • Assessment Participation
        • English Learners with Disabilities
        • Specific life stage
          • Adolescents and young adults
            • Children