Community life

Topics that address the various needs of individuals with disabilities across the lifespan as they pertain to living in the community.

Aging and retirement
Aging and retirement, as addressed by the Institute, encompasses issues pertaining to individuals with disabilities who are aging, aging adults who have acquired a disability, and/or adults with disabilities retiring from employment.
Assistive/adaptive technology
Assistive/adaptive technology, in the context of community living, refers to devices or equipment used to maintain or improve the functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities living in the community. See same topic in Education practices (K12 and transition) and Employment and postsecondary education.
Civil rights
Civil rights, as addressed by the Institute, are efforts to ensure that the rights of people with disabilities expressly enumerated by the U.S. Constitution are upheld.
Community supports and services
Community supports and services, as addressed by the Institute, includes supports and services provided in the community to assist individuals with disabilities at varying ages in achieving their goals.
Consumer/self-directed services
Consumer/self-direct services are those services, including Medicaid Home and Community Based Services (waiver), where funding is provided to the person who makes their own choices about what types of services to spend those resources on and/or selects the staff who provide those services.
Faith communities
Faith communities, as addressed by the Institute, encompasses ways in which groups of people who belong to a particular church or religious group are including people with disabilities in their practices and activities.
Friendships and social relationships
Friendships and social relationships, as addressed by the Institute, include strategies for supporting children, youth and adults with disabilities to establish healthy personal relationships and participate in social circles.
ISP development
The Individualized Service Plan (ISP) specifies the goals and interventions and delineates the activities and services in response to the unique needs of the person with a disability for whom the plan is written.
Parenting and family relationships
The Institute focuses on supporting healthy family relationships in families with a child with a disability, including (but not limited to) those between siblings and between parents and children.
Person-centered planning and practices
Person-centered planning and practices focus on and center around the interests and needs of the person being served. They also emphasize the persons strengths and dreams rather than weaknesses or deficits.
Positive behavior support
Positive behavior support in context of the community is a means for improving quality of life and reducing occurrences of problem behavior, typically through doing a functional assessment and subsequent behavior support plan. See same topic in Education practices (K12 and transition) and also Mental health supports.
Quality outcomes
Quality outcomes, in this context, is ensuring that community services result in people with disabilities and their families having the greatest end result. (Also referred to as quality enhancement, quality assurance, or continuous quality improvement.)
Recreation and leisure
Recreation and leisure, as addressed by the Institute, is about providing people with disabilities the opportunity to have enjoyable, satisfying, and non-compulsory activities in various settings, particularly side-by-side among their non-disabled peers.
Self-advocacy and self-determination
Self-advocacy and self-determination are two distinct, yet related terms. Self-advocacy is when a person is advocating on their own behalf, whereas self-determination is when a person is able to control aspects of their life that are important to them.
Social inclusion
Social inclusion, as addressed by the Institute, is when people with and without disabilities are socializing and otherwise enjoying a positive social experience together. The practice of social inclusion is offering these opportunities.
Support coordination and case management
Support coordination and case management is making certain that, for those people requiring services from multiple providers, the services are coordinated and well managed.
The Institute addresses the transportation needs of people with disabilities across the lifespan.