Educational accountability and assessment

Topics that address the connection made between the process of holding school professionals responsible for the appropriate instruction of all students, and an important source of evidence that indicates the degree to which all students are learning.

Accessibility & Accommodations
Accommodations and supports
Accommodations and supports, in this context, are changes made to classroom and testing materials and procedures to help students with disabilities learn and participate in large-scale assessments on a level playing field with students without disabilities. See same topic in Education practices (K12 and transition) and Employment and postsecondary education.
Accountability, in the context of education, typically refers to school professionals taking responsibility for the performance of students on achievement tests or other types of educational outcomes (e.g., graduation rates).
Assessment (large-scale, alternate)
Large-scale assessments are tests that are given to a large student body, and include district-wide and state-wide testing. Alternate assessments are types of large-scale assessments that are used to evaluate the performance of students with disabilities who are unable to participate in general state assessments even with accommodations.
Assessment of individuals
The assessment of individuals encompasses all strategies for testing individuals with disabilities in one-on-one settings.
Assessment Participation
Assessment Reporting
Blind/Visual Impairments
College & Career Ready Standards
Content Areas
Deaf/Hearing Impairments
Educator Evaluation
ELLs with disabilities
Evaluation of education programs
The evaluation of education programs involves any models, methods, and practices that assess the success of an educational program or activity.
Flexibility Waivers
Graduation requirements
Graduation requirements pertain to required coursework and tests students must complete (and pass) in order to graduate from high school.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the U.S. federal law that guarantees all children with disabilities access to a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) in the least restrictive environment (LRE).
Intellectual/Cognitive Disability
Learning disabilities
Out-of-Level Testing
Parents & Families
Progress monitoring
Progress monitoring is a scientifically based practice that is used to assess children's academic performance and evaluate the effectiveness of instruction. The Institute addresses ways to improve progress monitoring techniques and measurements among preschool and school-age children. See same topic in Early education and development.
Public reporting
Public reporting, in this context, refers to the reporting of educational results to the general public that help ensure that public schools are accountable for helping students, including those with disabilities, meet higher educational standards.
Quality outcomes
Quality outcomes, in the context of education, refers to educational outcomes based on specific objectives set by a larger group, usually a governing body.
Standards and Accountability
Standards-based IEPs
State Performance Plans and Annual Performance Reports (SPP/APR)
State Performance Plans (SPP) and Annual Performance Reports (APR) are federal reports that describe how each state will improve educational results for students with disabilities and comply with IDEA.
State Surveys
Students with Disabilities
Teacher Evaluation
Technology-based Assessments
Test Design
Test Security
Universal Design