Institute on Community Integration College of Education and Human Development

Employment and postsecondary education

Topics that address employment issues and access to and success in postsecondary education among individuals with disabilities.

Accommodations and supports
Accommodations and supports, as they pertain to employment and postsecondary education, are adaptations, accommodations and modifications provided to people with disabilities in the workplace and/or in higher education. See same topic in Educational accountability and assessment and Education practices (K12 and transition).
Assistive/adaptive technology
Assistive/adaptive technology, in this context, refers to devices or equipment used to maintain or improve the functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities in employment or postsecondary settings. See same topic in Education practices (K12 and transition) and Community life.
Career preparation
Career preparation, as addressed by the Institute, encompasses career development services for people with disabilities to help them make educational, training, and occupational choices and to help them manage their careers.
Customized employment
Customized employment is a process for individualizing the employment relationship by matching the unique strengths, needs, and interests of the job seeker or employee with a disability with those of the employer (or self-employment business).
Day training and habilitation
Day training and habilitation are supports to help adults with disabilities develop life skills and independence through engaging in community and/or work activities of their own choosing (i.e., community employment, work services, vocational training, recreational/leisure activities, community integration activities).
Employment and workforce development
Employment and workforce development of people with disabilities, as addressed by the Institute, is best achieved through helping job seekers obtain a quality education, training, job recruitment, and job placement.
Postsecondary education
Postsecondary education, as addressed by the Institute, refers to the particular challenges faced by students with disabilities in gaining access to and succeeding in all levels of higher education (universities, community colleges, trade schools, etc.).
Preparing for postsecondary education
Preparing for postsecondary education, from the perspective of a student with a disability, involves becoming informed regarding differences in laws and expectations, acquiring new skills, and planning ahead in the IEP. See also Career preparation.
Supported employment
Supported employment programs offer people with disabilities the opportunity to have a competitive job in an integrated workplace by providing assistance, such as a job coach, specialized job training, individually tailored supervision, and more.
Vocational rehabilitation
Vocational rehabilitation is a nationwide program that helps people with disabilities find employment, whether they simply need a job to pay the bills or want to find more meaningful, long-term careers.
Work-based learning
Work-based learning offers youth and adults with disabilities meaningful and engaging educational opportunities by connecting classroom learning to learning on job sites in the community, such as with internships, workplace mentoring, service learning, and other strategies.

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