Institute on Community Integration College of Education and Human Development

Specific disability

Topics that address different types of disabilities.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
Autism spectrum disorder is a complex developmental disability that causes problems with social interaction and communication. See IDEA definition.
Emotional/behavioral disorder (EBD)
Emotional/behavioral disorder (EBD) is defined by IDEA under "emotional disturbance" as a condition exhibiting one or more specific emotional and/or behavioral difficulties over a long period of time and to a marked degree, which adversely affects educational performance. See IDEA definition.
Hearing and/or vision loss
Hearing and/or vision loss includes any impairments to hearing and/or eye sight, including deafness, blindness, and deaf-blindness.
Intellectual/developmental disability (IDD)
Developmental disability is a severe, chronic disability due to a mental or physical impairment or combination of mental and physical impairments that start before a person is 22 years old, are expected to continue indefinitely, result in substantial functional limitations in major life activities, and reflect the person's need for lifelong individualized support or assistance. See more About Developmental Disabilities.
Learning disabilities
Learning disabilities, as defined by IDEA, means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. See IDEA definition.
Mental health and/or chemical dependency
Mental illness describes a broad range of mental and emotional conditions, typically among adults with disabilities, in this context. Chemical dependency describes the compulsive use of chemicals (drugs or alcohol) and the inability to stop using them.
Multiple disabilities
Multiple disabilities means two or more impairments occurring at the same time. In education terms, it references how the combination of which causes such significant educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the impairments. See IDEA definition.
Other health impairment
Other health impairments, as defined by IDEA, are conditions that cause limited strength, vitality, or alertness due to chronic health problems; and that negatively affect the person's educational performance. See IDEA definition.
Physical disability
A physical disability, as defined by IDEA, is a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance. However, it is not limited to education, in this context. See IDEA definition.